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Raymond T. Smith

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1956 The Negro Family in British Guiana: Family Structure and Social Status in the Villages. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul

1962 British Guiana. London: Oxford University Press for Royal Institute of International Affairs [Reprinted by Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut 1980]

1973 Class Differences and Sex Roles in American Kinship and Family Structure (with D.M. Schneider). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall [Reprinted by University of Michigan Press 1978, as Class Differences in American Kinship]

1984 Kinship Ideology and Practice in Latin America (Edited with an Introduction by Raymond T. Smith). Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

1988 Kinship and Class in the West Indies: a genealogical study of Jamaica and Guyana. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Paperback edition 1990].

1996 The Matrifocal Family: Power, Pluralism and Politics. New York: Routledge.


1960s    1970s     1980s    1990s

1952 "The study of the family in the British West Indies," Kyk-over-al, Vol 5, No 15

1953a "Aspects of family organisation in a coastal Negro community in British Guiana," Social and Economic Studies Vol 1, No 1:87-111.

1953b "American credit institutions of the Yoruba type," Man, Vol LIII

1954 Review of E.A. Gutkind, Community and Environment: a Discourse on Social Ecology (London: Watts & Co), in The Cambridge Review.

1955a "Jamaican society since emancipation," Times British Colonies Review

1955b "Land tenure in three villages in British Guiana," Social and Economic Studies, Vol. 4, No 1.

1956 "A preliminary report on a study of East Indians in Jamaica," Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, Jamaica

1957a "Economic aspects of rice production in an East Indian village in British Guiana," Social and Economic Studies, Vol 6, No 4:502-522

1957b "The family in the Caribbean," in Caribbean Studies: a Symposium (ed. Vera Rubin). Kingston: University of the West Indies. [Reprinted in Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series]

1958a "British Guiana and the West Indian Federation," Trinidad Guardian Federation Supplement (May l958)

1958b "Hindu marriage customs in British Guiana," Social and Economic Studies, Vol 7, No 2 (with C. Jayawardena)

1958c "British Guiana Unites: national identity and racial diversity," Times British Colonies Review (Autumn l958)

1959a "Some social characteristics of Indian immigrants to British Guiana," Population Studies, Vol XII, No 1

1959b "Family structure and plantation systems in the New World," Plantation Systems of the New World. Pan American Union Social Science Monographs VII. Washington D.C..

1959c "Marriage and the family amongst East Indians in British Guiana," Social and Economic Studies, Vol 8, No 4 (with C. Jayawardena).

1961a Review of T.R. Batten 1960, Problems of African Development, Oxford: Oxford University Press, in Universitas 4(6):187.

1961b Review of A.S. Livingstone 1960, The Overseas Student in Britain, Manchester University Press, in Universitas 4(6):187.

1961c Review of Social and Cultural Pluralism in the Caribbean (Papers from a Conference on Social and Cultural Pluralism in the Caribbean), Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 83, 1960. In American Anthropologist 63(1):155-57

1962a "Report on the Caribs of Dominica," Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, Jamaica. Mimeo.

1962b "Fertility, mortality and family structure in selected Ghanaian communities," University of Ghana (with Dov Friedlander). Mimeo.

1963a "Culture and social structure in the Caribbean," Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol VI, No 1 [Reprinted in Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series]

1963b "British Guiana's Prospects," New Society (No. 44, August l963)

1963c "The uses of census data in sociological analysis: sociological aspects of census taking: nature and degree of urbanisation." Three sections in Report of the West African Training Centre in Population Census Techniques Accra, Ghana.

1963d Review of Adrian C. Mayer 1961, Peasants in the Pacific: A Study of Fiji Indian Rural Society, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, in Journal of the Polynesian Society 72(1):59-60

1964 "Ethnic variation in peasant economies in British Guiana," in Capital, Saving and Credit in Peasant Societies (ed. Raymond Firth and Basil Yamey). London: George Allen & Unwin

1965 "Human Societies: their basic needs and pre-requisites," in Industrialisation and Social Change: Some Working Papers (ed. William A. Westley). Montreal: McGill University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology

1966 "People and Change," New World Quarterly: Guyana Independence Issue (ed. George Lamming and Martin Carter), Vol 2, No 2. Georgetown, Guyana

1967a "Caste and social status among the Indians of Guyana," (with C. Jayawardena) in Caste Among Overseas Indians (ed. B. Schwartz). San Francisco: Chandler Publishing Company.

1967b "Social stratification, cultural pluralism and integration in West Indian societies," Caribbean Integration: Report of the Third Conference of Caribbean Scholars. Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico: University of Puerto Rico [Also published in Spanish in Ciencias Sociales]

1967c Review of Elsa V. Goveia 1965, Slave Society in the British Leeward Islands at the End of the Eighteenth Century, New Haven: Yale University Press. In American Anthropologist 69(2):268-9

1968a "Comparative Family Structure," International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan and Free Press [Also published as an off-print].

1968b Review of Joan Aldous and Reuben Hill, 1967, International Bibliography of Research in Marriage and the Family, 1900-1964. In American Anthropologist 70(3):578.

1968c "Guyana," Reader’s Digest Almanac and Yearbook.

1970a "Social stratification in the Caribbean," in Essays in Comparative Social Stratification (ed. L. Plotnicov and A. Tuden). Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

1970b "The nuclear family in Afro-american kinship," Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Vol 1, No 1

1971a "Race and political conflict in Guyana," Race, Vol XII, No. 4

1971b "Economic features of the household group," in Black Society in the New World (ed. Richard Frucht). New York: Random House

1972 Review of Bernard Farber 1971, Kinship and Class: a Midwestern Study, New York: Basic Books, in American Journal of Sociology 78(2):469-71.

1973a "Foreword," in Nancy Foner, Status and Power in Rural Jamaica: A Study of Educational and Political Change. New York: Teacher's College Press

1973b "The matrifocal family," in J. Goody (ed.), The Character of Kinship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

1975 "La famille dans la region caraibe," in Les Societies Antillaises: Etudes Anthropologiques (ed. J. Benoist). Montreal: Universite de Montreal, Centres de Recherches Caraibes 89-101.

1976 "Religion in the formation of West Indian society," in The African Diaspora (ed. M. Kilson and R. Rotberg). Harvard University Press

1977a "Race, class and political conflict in a post-colonial society," in Small States and Segmented Societies: National Political Integration in a Global Environment (ed. S. Neuman). New York: Praeger

1977b "Introduction" to Sara Graham & Derek Gordon, The Stratification System and Occupational Mobility in Guyana. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies

1978a "Class differences in West Indian kinship: a genealogical exploration," in Family and Kinship in Middle America and the Caribbean (ed. Arnaud F. Marks & Rene A. Romer). Co-publication of the University of the Netherlands Antilles and the Department of Caribbean Studies of the Royal Institute of Linguistics and Anthropology at Leiden, Netherlands

1978b "The family and the Modern World System: some observations from the Caribbean," in Special Issue: The Family in Latin America (ed. Francesca Cancian, Louis Wolf Goodman and Peter H. Smith), Journal of Family History, Vol 3 (4).

1982a "Race and class in post-emancipation Caribbean society," in Racism and Colonialism: Essays on Ideology and Social Structure (ed. Robert Ross). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff

1982b "The culture of modern North America," in Atlas of Mankind. London: Mitchell Beazley

1982c "Family, social change and social policy in the West Indies," Nieuwe West-Indische Gids, Vol 56, Nos 3 & 4: 11-142

1984 "The Concept of Social Class in Anthropology." Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 13.

1987a "Kinship and Class in Chicago," in Cities of the United States: studies in urban anthropology (ed. Leith Mullings). New York: Columbia University Press

1987b "Hierarchy and the Dual Marriage System in West Indian society," in Gender and Kinship: Essays Toward a Unified Analysis (ed. Jane Collier and Sylvia Yanagisako). Stanford University Press

1988a Report on an assessment of the progress made and the future prospects of the Consortium Graduate School of the Social Sciences, University of Guyana and the University of the West Indies. London: Commonwealth Relations Office.

1988b Review of Wolfram, Sybil 1987. In-laws and outlaws: kinship and marriage in England. London, Sydney: Croom Helm. Man Vol. 23, No. 3

1989a Review for American Journal of Sociology of Scanzoni, John et al., The Sexual Bond: Rethinking Families and Close Relationships. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage Publications.

1989b "Family and Domestic Relations" (with John Modell, M. Clarke, W.J. Goode, W. Kessen, R. Willis, N.B. Tuma), in R. Duncan Luce, N.J. Smelser & D.R. Gerstein (eds.), Leading Edges in Social and Behavioral Science. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

1989c Review of Stedman, John G. 1988. Narrative of a Five Years Expedition against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam. Transcribed for the first time from the Original 1790 Manuscript and Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Richard Price and Sally Price. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Nieuwe West-Indische Gids Vol. 63, Nos. 3 & 4, pp. 237-240.

1990a Review of Higman, B.W. 1984. Slave populations of the British Caribbean 1807-1834. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, Journal of Caribbean History 22(1 & 2):157-161.

1990b Review of Carnegie, Charles (ed), Afro-Caribbean Villages in Historical Perspective. Kingston, Jamaica: African-Caribbean Institute of Jamaica, Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Comparative Studies Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 121-5.

1991a Review of Verena Stolcke (Martinez-Alier) 1989. Marriage, Class and Colour in Nineteenth-Century Cuba: A Study of Racial Attitudes and Sexual Values in a Slave Society. 2nd ed. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. American Ethnologist 18(2): 395-6.

1991b Review of Price, Richard 1990. Alabi's World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Ethnohistory 38(4):455-7.

1991c Review of Thompson, F.M.L. (ed.) 1990. The Cambridge Social History of Britain, 1750-1950. Vol. 1, Regions and Communities. Vol. 2, People and their Environment. Vol. 3, Social Agencies and Institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ethnohistory 38(4):491-2.

1992a "Race, class and gender in the transition to freedom." In McGlynn, Frank and Drescher, Seymour (eds.), The Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Pp. 257-290.

1992b "Foreword" in Douglass, Lisa 1992. The Power of Sentiment: Love, Hierarchy and the Jamaican Family Elite. Boulder, Co.: Westview Press.

1993a Review of Senior, Olive 1991. Working Miracles: Women's Lives in the English-speaking Caribbean. Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. Man

1993b Review of Stedman's Surinam: Life in an Eighteenth-Century Slave Society. Abridged, Modernized Edition of Narrative of a Five Years Expedition against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam, by John Gabriel Stedman. Edited by Richard and Sally Price. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1992. Ethnohistory, 40(3):499-500.

1993c Review of Holt, Thomas C. 1992. The Problem of Freedom: Race, Labor, and Politics in Jamaica and Britain, 1832-1938. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Ethnohistory, 40(3):501-3.

1993d Review of Harrison, Faye V. (ed.) 1991. Decolonizing Anthropology: Moving Further toward an Anthropology for Liberation. Association of Black Anthropologists, American Anthropological Association. American Anthropologist, 95(1):56-7

1993e "On the disutility of the notion of ‘ethnic group’ for understanding status struggles in the modern world." A paper delivered at a conference on LA LUCHA POR EL STATUS organized by CIESAS-Occidente, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico: August 7-9, 1993. [Published in R.T. Smith 1996. The Matrifocal Family: Power, Pluralism and Politics].

1994 Review of Olwig, Karen Fog 1993. Global Culture, Island Identity: Continuity and Change in the Afro-Caribbean Community of Nevis. Switzerland: Harwood Academic Publishers.  Man, 29(3): 775-76.

1995 "'Living in the Gun Mouth'; Race, Class and Political Violence in Guyana." Paper delivered at a conference on Class, Ethnicity and Ideology in the Caribbean: The Modern Consequences of Four Colonialisms held at Brigham Young University on December 7th and 8th 1992. Nieuwe West Indische Gids 69 (3/4) 1995.

"The Caribbean" in Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology (Vol. 1), Edited by David Levinson and Melvin Ember. New York: Henry Holt and Company for Human Relations Area Files at Yale University.

1996a "The family in the Caribbean," in Family in the Caribbean: Themes and Perspectives, Christine Barrow Ed. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers and Oxford: James Currey Publishers. Originally published in Caribbean Studies: a Symposium (ed. Vera Rubin). Kingston: University of the West Indies, 1957. [Reprinted in Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series]

1996b "Family, social change and social policy in the West Indies," in Family in the Caribbean: Themes and Perspectives, Christine Barrow Ed.. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers and Oxford: James Currey Publishers. Originally published in Nieuwe West-Indische Gids, Vol 56, Nos 3 & 4: 11-142, [1982].

1997a "Foreword" to Diane J. Austin-Broos, Jamaica Genesis: Religion and the Politics of Moral Orders. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

1997b Review of Trujillo, Michel-Rolf 1995. Silencing the Past: Power and the Production of History. Boston: Beacon Press. Nieuwe West Indische Gids 71 (1/2) 1997.

In Press

"The Caribbean Family: Continuity and Transformation" Chapter XVI of Volume 5, UNESCO General History of the Caribbean.

"Class," "Social Stratification" and "Status." Entries in The Blackwell Dictionary of Anthropology. Oxford: Blackwells.

"The Caribbean Family: Questions for Research and Implications for Policy," Keynote Address at International Conference on the Caribbean Family and Living Arrangements in Britain and the Trans-Atlantic World, Cheltenham, England March 28th 1998.

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