Dataset for Statistical Analysis in Chapter 2 of Richard A. Posner, Breaking the Deadlock: The 2000 Election, the Constitution, and the Courts

 
County
Number of Votes Cast
Spoiled
Overvote
Undervote
Butterfly
Marksense
Votomatic
Datavote
Punchcard
County Counted
Population
Median Household income
Black
Hispanic
Literacy Rate
Over 64
under 25
Alachua
86,144
0.48%
0.12%
0.26%
0
1
0
0
0
0
181596
$27,860 
18.96%
3.73%
81.00%
9.31%
21.97%
Bay
59,520
1.11%
0.23%
0.89%
0
1
0
0
0
0
126994
$29,600 
10.80%
1.78%
80.00%
12.02%
9.91%
Bradford
9,414
7.87%
7.37%
0.42%
0
1
0
0
0
1
22515
$28,225 
20.23%
1.89%
71.00%
12.10%
9.43%
Brevard
218,989
0.27%
0.06%
0.13%
0
1
0
0
0
0
398978
$34,729 
7.87%
3.07%
82.00%
16.64%
8.75%
Calhoun
5,256
1.48%
0.00%
1.48%
0
1
0
0
0
0
11011
$24,013 
15.06%
1.07%
71.00%
14.49%
10.46%
Charlotte
70,100
4.57%
4.26%
0.24%
0
1
0
0
0
1
110975
$30,650 
3.82%
2.49%
77.00%
33.78%
5.83%
Citrus 
57,468
0.38%
0.09%
0.28%
0
1
0
0
0
0
93515
$25,402 
2.36%
1.82%
76.00%
31.31%
5.53%
Clay 
57,764
0.71%
0.09%
0.17%
0
1
0
0
0
0
105986
$41,161 
5.20%
2.61%
86.00%
8.48%
9.58%
Escambia
121,141
3.61%
0
1
0
0
0
0
262798
$29,527 
20.02%
1.91%
77.00%
11.91%
12.08%
Flagler
27,194
0.31%
0.03%
0.20%
0
1
0
0
0
0
28701
$34,891 
8.24%
4.39%
78.00%
25.59%
6.20%
Franklin
5,070
8.26%
6.88%
1.38%
0
1
0
0
0
1
8967
$23,586 
12.40%
0.72%
73.00%
18.00%
7.72%
Gadsden
16,812
12.40%
11.60%
0.73%
0
1
0
0
0
1
41105
$23,482 
57.66%
2.35%
60.00%
12.61%
9.98%
Gulf 
6,565
6.41%
5.53%
0.73%
0
1
0
0
0
1
11504
$28,458 
18.79%
0.75%
74.00%
15.30%
9.12%
Hamilton
4,353
8.94%
8.94%
0.00%
0
1
0
0
0
1
10930
$22,719 
38.94%
2.70%
65.00%
11.39%
11.26%
Hendry
8,949
9.05%
8.50%
0.44%
0
1
0
0
0
1
25773
$26,940 
16.73%
22.34%
69.00%
10.96%
10.37%
Hernando
65,500
0.43%
0.22%
0.15%
0
1
0
0
0
0
101115
$27,532 
3.85%
2.93%
75.00%
30.71%
5.94%
Holmes
7,539
1.84%
0
1
0
0
0
0
15778
$22,470 
4.96%
1.12%
76.00%
15.68%
9.51%
Jackson
17,470
6.70%
6.08%
0.54%
0
1
0
0
0
1
41375
$24,661 
26.21%
2.35%
69.00%
14.91%
11.05%
Lafayette
2,679
6.49%
6.38%
0.00%
0
1
0
0
0
1
5578
$24,505 
14.07%
4.05%
10.90%
11.08%
Lake
91,989
3.67%
3.39%
0.27%
0
1
0
0
0
1
152104
$28,327 
9.33%
2.83%
76.00%
27.47%
6.79%
Leon
103,377
0.18%
0
1
0
0
0
0
192493
$35,111 
24.17%
2.45%
82.00%
8.21%
20.52%
Levy
13,490
5.68%
5.25%
0.39%
0
1
0
0
0
1
25923
$23,779 
12.39%
1.89%
73.00%
18.96%
7.86%
Liberty
2,598
7.24%
6.12%
1.12%
0
1
0
0
0
1
5569
$26,780 
17.63%
1.94%
11.26%
11.10%
Manatee
111,676
1.30%
1.13%
0.10%
0
1
0
0
0
0
211707
$31,416 
7.75%
4.45%
64.00%
28.06%
7.25%
Monroe
34,095
0.61%
0.28%
0.24%
0
1
0
0
0
0
71724
$33,375 
5.86%
13.36%
82.00%
17.37%
8.46%
Okaloosa
71,512
1.07%
0.95%
0.12%
0
1
0
0
0
0
143776
$33,467 
9.05%
3.08%
84.00%
9.26%
10.97%
Okeechobee
10,722
8.00%
7.22%
0.78%
0
1
0
0
0
1
29627
$24,231 
6.41%
11.79%
76.00%
16.23%
9.10%
Orange 
282,529
0.85%
0.49%
0.34%
0
1
0
0
0
0
677491
$34,558 
15.22%
9.59%
81.00%
10.63%
12.68%
Polk
169,582
0.57%
0.40%
0.13%
0
1
0
0
0
1
405382
$29,393 
13.42%
4.09%
78.00%
18.56%
9.15%
Putnam
26,416
0.64%
0.10%
0.31%
0
1
0
0
0
0
65070
$24,590 
18.35%
2.59%
71.00%
18.03%
8.00%
Santa Rosa
50,684
0.72%
0
1
0
0
0
0
81608
$36,537 
4.01%
1.50%
84.00%
9.51%
9.24%
Seminole
137,970
0.24%
0.03%
0.16%
0
1
0
0
0
0
287529
$41,428 
8.46%
6.47%
86.00%
10.33%
9.57%
St. Johns
61,313
0.87%
0.22%
0.69%
0
1
0
0
0
0
83829
$39,519 
8.74%
2.27%
83.00%
16.45%
9.04%
St. Lucie
78,709
0.82%
0.14%
0.68%
0
1
0
0
0
0
150171
$30,392 
16.43%
3.96%
76.00%
21.00%
7.61%
Suwannee
13,189
5.55%
5.23%
0.32%
0
1
0
0
0
1
26780
$25,175 
14.75%
1.56%
73.00%
16.89%
8.39%
Taylor
7,413
8.16%
6.97%
1.11%
0
1
0
0
0
1
17111
$25,912 
18.02%
1.02%
75.00%
13.28%
8.79%
Volusia
184,153
0.27%
0.26%
0.08%
0
1
0
0
0
0
370712
$28,253 
9.02%
4.00%
79.00%
22.76%
9.50%
Walton 
18,537
1.18%
0.39%
0.72%
0
1
0
0
0
0
27760
$26,599 
6.79%
0.88%
78.00%
16.52%
7.74%
Washington
8,353
3.94%
0.44%
3.50%
0
1
0
0
0
0
16919
$24,177 
14.53%
1.06%
72.00%
17.65%
8.66%
Baker
8,300
1.69%
0.55%
1.13%
0
0
0
0
1
1
18486
$31,198 
14.97%
1.08%
77.00%
7.98%
10.25%
Broward
587,928
2.49%
1.35%
1.14%
0
0
1
0
1
1
1255488
$33,895 
15.41%
8.64%
78.00%
20.77%
8.16%
Collier
95,325
3.34%
1.16%
2.18%
0
0
1
0
1
1
152099
$38,303 
4.59%
5.95%
80.00%
22.74%
7.80%
Columbia
19,206
3.61%
0.40%
3.21%
0
0
0
0
1
1
42313
$28,359 
18.15%
1.46%
76.00%
13.36%
9.26%
DeSoto
8,512
8.24%
0
0
0
1
1
1
23865
$23,364 
15.61%
9.56%
68.00%
19.37%
9.29%
Dixie
4,998
6.64%
0
0
0
1
1
1
10585
$20,367 
8.69%
0.91%
71.00%
14.74%
8.63%
Duval
291,626
9.23%
7.52%
1.70%
0
0
1
0
1
1
672971
$33,810 
24.35%
2.58%
79.00%
10.67%
11.31%
Gilchrist
5,688
5.15%
0
0
0
1
1
1
9667
$26,825 
8.53%
1.55%
75.00%
13.78%
13.55%
Glades 
3,722
9.59%
0
0
0
1
1
1
7591
$25,830 
12.15%
7.97%
71.00%
19.63%
7.02%
Hardee
6,645
6.20%
4.86%
1.28%
0
0
0
1
1
1
19499
$23,008 
5.30%
23.40%
73.00%
15.19%
9.97%
Highlands 
36,158
2.79%
1.44%
1.35%
0
0
1
0
1
1
68432
$24,403 
10.01%
5.11%
73.00%
33.46%
5.72%
Hillsborough
369,467
2.48%
0.99%
1.50%
0
0
1
0
1
1
833854
$32,650 
13.23%
12.82%
80.00%
12.25%
10.70%
Indian River
51,559
3.77%
1.70%
2.05%
0
0
1
0
1
1
90208
$33,667 
8.49%
3.00%
78.00%
27.26%
6.87%
Jefferson 
6,214
9.19%
0
0
0
1
1
1
11296
$26,515 
43.35%
1.15%
67.00%
14.82%
9.00%
Lee 
188,978
2.43%
1.35%
1.07%
0
0
1
0
1
1
335113
$31,904 
6.62%
4.50%
80.00%
24.77%
7.35%
Madison
6,642
7.23%
0
0
0
1
1
1
16569
$23,323 
41.73%
1.39%
73.00%
14.13%
10.72%
Marion 
106,001
3.16%
0.85%
2.31%
0
0
1
0
1
1
194833
$26,950 
12.75%
3.01%
78.00%
22.17%
7.73%
Miami-Dade
653,963
4.37%
2.73%
1.64%
0
0
1
0
1
1
1937094
$28,915 
20.55%
49.22%
79.00%
13.98%
10.01%
Nassau 
25,387
6.32%
5.46%
0.77%
0
0
0
1
1
1
43941
$37,813 
10.29%
1.09%
81.00%
10.16%
9.18%
Osceola 
57,341
2.94%
1.82%
1.12%
0
0
1
0
1
1
107728
$30,946 
5.48%
11.94%
82.00%
13.89%
10.03%
Palm Beach
461,988
6.43%
4.14%
2.29%
1
0
1
0
1
1
863518
$35,833 
12.47%
7.71%
78.00%
24.35%
7.52%
Pasco
146,648
2.67%
1.46%
1.21%
0
0
1
0
1
1
281131
$26,232 
1.94%
3.31%
76.00%
32.31%
6.69%
Pinellas
406,956
2.09%
1.05%
1.04%
0
0
1
0
1
1
851659
$30,088 
7.73%
2.36%
80.00%
26.03%
7.49%
Sarasota
163,749
1.71%
0.61%
1.10%
0
0
1
0
1
1
277776
$34,448 
4.35%
2.12%
81.00%
32.19%
6.18%
Sumter
23,032
3.35%
0.73%
2.57%
0
0
1
0
1
1
31577
$24,024 
16.16%
2.41%
71.00%
22.38%
8.65%
Wakulla
9,017
4.68%
0
0
0
1
1
1
14202
$33,085 
12.93%
0.58%
83.00%
11.61%
8.15%
Martin
62,570
0.89%
0
0
0
0
0
100900
$36,470 
5.99%
4.69%
75.00%
27.44%
6.74%
Union
4,084
6.32%
0
0
0
0
0
10252
$27,882 
23.21%
3.17%
71.00%
7.46%
8.99%

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