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Robert J. Richards

The University of Chicago    

 

Books

 

Was Hitler a Darwinian? Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory. Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 2013.

 

(Reviews)  

The Tragic Sense of Life:  Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle over Evolutionary Thought. University of Chicago Press, 2008; paperback, 2009 (580 pp.). Winner of the University of Chicago Press's Laing Prize.  Sample chapters:  Preface & Chapter 1. (Reviews)

The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe.  University of Chicago Press , 2002; paperback, 2004 (606 pp.). Winner of the University of Chicago Press ’s Laing Prize. 
(Reviews)

The Meaning of Evolution:  The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin’s Theory.  University of Chicago Press, 1992; paperback, 1993 (203 pp.).

Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior.  University of Chicago Press , 1987; paperback, 1989 (700 pp.).  History of Science Pfizer Prize, best book in history of science, 1988.

Cambridge Companion to the Origin of  Species, edited with Michael Ruse Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Darwinian Heresies, edited with Abigail Lustig and Michael Ruse (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2004).

 

   

      Current Research:

The Strategy of Darwin's "Long Argument":  A Historical and Philosophical Commentary on the Origin of Species

Debating Darwin, co-authored with Michael Ruse

 

  A video indicating the gist of my contribution to Debating Darwin, Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design (on YouTube)

 

Forthcoming Articles and Books: 

 

"Myth: That Darwin Worked on His Theory in Secret for Twenty Years, His Fears Causing Him to Delay Publication," in Textbook Myths about Science, eds. Ronald Numbers, Kostas Kampourakis, and Nicolaas Rupke (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).

 

"Darwin's Evolutionary Ethics: the Empirical and the Normative Justification," Darwin in the Twenty-first Century, ed. Phillip Sloan (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press).

"Did Goethe and Schelling Endorse Species Evolution?"

Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at 50, edited with Lorraine Daston (University of Chicago Press)

George Stocking, obituary.

 

Published Articles:

 

"The Impact of German Romanticism on Biology in the 19th Century," The Impact of Idealism: The Legacy in Philosophy and Science, ed. Nicholas Boyle and Karl Ameriks (Cambridge University Press, 2013).

 

"Darwin's Reception in Germany, 1860-1945," in The Darwin Encyclopedia, ed. Michael Ruse (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,2013), pp. 235-42.


"Darwin's Principles of Divergence and Natural Selection:  Why Fodor was Almost Right," in Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biology and Biomedical Sciences 43 (March, 2012): 256-68.

 

"Darwinian Enchantment," in The Joy of Secularism, ed. George Levine (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011), pp. 185-204.

 

"Darwin's Place in the History of Biology--A Reevaluation," in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, Supplement 1 (June 16, 2009): 10056-10060.

 

"The Tragic Sense of Ernst Haeckel: His Scientific and Artistic Struggles," in catalogue of the exhibition "Darwin – Art and the Search for Origins" (2009), Shirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany

 

"Myth: That Darwin and Haeckel were Complicit in Nazi Biology," in Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths about Science and Religion, ed.Ronald L. Numbers (Cambridge:  Harvard University Press, 2009).


"Haeckel's Embryos:  Fraud Not Proven," Biology and Philosophy, 24 (2009): 147-154.

 

“Karl Ernst von Baer,” in Evolution: The First Four Billion Years, ed. Michael Ruse and Joseph Travis ( Cambridge Harvard University Press, 2008).

 

“Ernst Haeckel,” in Evolution: The First Four Billion Years, ed. Michael Ruse and Joseph Travis ( Cambridge Harvard University Press, 2008).


"Science as a Process, " in Evolution: The First Four Billion Years, ed. Michael Ruse and Joseph Travis (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008)  


"Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection and Its Moral Purpose," Cambridge Companion to Darwin's Origin of Species, eds. Robert J. Richards and Michael Ruse (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

 

"Goethe's Use of Kant in the Erotics of Nature," in Understanding Purpose: Kant and the Philosophy of Biology (vol. 8: North American Kant Society), ed. Philippe Huneman (Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2007).

“The Moral Grammar of Narratives in History of Biology—the Case of Haeckel and Nazi Biology, Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology , ed. Michael Ruse and David Hull (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).  

Ernst Haeckel’s Alleged Anti-Semitism and Contributions to Nazi Biology,” Biological Theory 2 (Winter, 2007): 97-103. (Response to Daniel Gasman's Critique)

Nature is the Poetry of Mind, or How Schelling Solved Goethe’s Kantian Problems,” in Michael Friedman and Alfred Nordman (eds.), The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth Century Science ( Cambridge :  MIT Press, 2006): 27-50.

"Darwin & Progress," an exchange with Richard Lewontin, New York Review of Books, (December 15, 2005)

Ernst Haeckel and the Struggles over Evolution and Religion,” Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 10 (2005):  89-116.  

The Aesthetic and Morphological Foundations of Ernst Haeckel’s Evolutionary Project,” in Mary Kemperink and Patrick Dassen (eds.), The Many Faces of Evolution in Europe, 1860-1914 (Amsterdam:  Peeters, 2005), pp. 1-16 + plates.

 

The Narrative Structure of Moral Judgments in History:  Evolution and Nazi Biology(2005 Ryerson Lecture), The University of Chicago Record 39 (May 26, 2005).

 

Darwin’s Metaphysics of Mind,” in Darwin and Philosophy, ed. Vittorio Hoesle and Christian Illies (Notre Dame:  Notre Dame University Press, 2005), pp. 166-80.

 

The Relation of Spencer’s Evolutionary Theory to Darwin’s,” in Great Jones and Robert Peel (eds.), Herbert Spencer:  The Intellectual Legacy (London:  The Galton Institute, 2004), pp. 17-36.

 

If This be Heresy:  Haeckel’s Conversion to Darwinism,” in Abigail Lusting, Robert J. Richards, and Michael Ruse (eds.), Darwinian Heresies (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 101-30.

 

Michael Ruse’s Design for Living,” Journal of the History of Biology, 37 (2004):  25-38.

 

Did Friedrich Schelling Kill Auguste Böhmer and Does it Matter? Or, the Role of Biography in Intellectual History,” in Biography and Historical Analysis, ed. Lloyd Ambrosius (Lincoln:  University of Nebraska Press,  2004):  133-54.

 

The Erotic Authority of Nature:  Science, Art, and the Female during Goethe’s Italian Journey,” in The Moral Authority of Nature, ed.  Lorraine Daston and Fernando Vidal (Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 2003), pp. 127-54.

 

Darwin on the Evolution of Mind, Behavior, and Emotions,” in Jonathan Hodge and Gregory Radick (eds.), Cambridge Companion to Darwin (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2003), pp. 92-115.

 

"Biology," in David Cahan (ed.), From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences:  Writing the History of Nineteenth-Century Science (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003), pp. 16-48.

 

Race,” Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science, ed. John Heilbron (Oxford: University of Oxford Press, 2002)

     

The Linguistic Creation of Man: Charles Darwin, August Schleicher, Ernst Haeckel, and the Missing Link in 19th-Century Evolutionary Theory,” in Experimenting in Tongues: Studies in Science and Language, ed. Matthias Doerres (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002)

 

“Psychology as a Humanism,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 37 (2001):  63-66.

 

Kant and Blumenbach on the Bildungstrieb:  A Historical Misunderstanding," Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biology and Biomedical Sciences, 31(2000): 11-32


 

“The Epistemology of Historical Interpretation: Progressivity and Recapitulation in Darwin’s Theory” in Epistemology and Biology, eds.  Richard Creath and Jane Maienschein (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp.64-90.

 

“The Nature and Necessity of Cultural History of Science,” The Modern Schoolman 76 (1999).

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology, the Foundation of his Evolutionary Ethics,” in Biology and the Foundation of Ethics, ed.  Jane Maienschein and Michael Ruse (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp. 113-53.  (A briefer version of this article has been distributed as the Stiernotte Lecture for 1997).

 

“Charles Darwin,” The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999)

 

Rhapsodies on a Cat-Piano, or Johann Christian Reil and the Foundations of Romantic Psychiatry,” Critical Inquiry 24, no. 3 (spring, 1998): 700-736.

 

“The Darwinian Justification of Altruism,” Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis (Studies in Bioethics and Research Ethics) 3 (1998): 37-50.

 

"Theological Foundations of Darwin 's Theory of Evolution," in Science in Context, eds. Karen Parshall and Paul Theerman, (Rutgers University Press, 1996).

 

"Arguments in a Sartorial Mode, or the Asymmetries of History and Philosophy of Science," in Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992, vol. 2, eds. M. Forbes and D. Hull (1994)

 

"Resistance to Constructed Belief," in Questions of Evidence, eds. J. Chandler, A. Davidson, and H. Harootunian (Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 1994)

 

"Ideology and the History of Science," in Biology and Philosophy , 8 (1993):  103-108

 

"Birth, Death, and Resurrection of Evolutionary Ethics," in Evolutionary  Ethics, ed. Matthew Nitecki (New York:  SUNY, 1993). reprinted as "Evolutionäre Ethik revidiert und gerechtfertigt," in Evolution und Ethik, ed. Kurt Bayertz  (Stuttgart:  Reclam Verlag, 1993), pp.  168-98.

 

"Evolution," in Keywords in Evolutionary Biology, edited by Evelyn Fox  Keller and Elisabeth Lloyd.  (Cambridge Mass.:  Harvard University Press, 1992), pp. 95-105.

 


"The Structure of Narrative Explanation in History and Science," in  History and Evolution, ed. M. Nitecki and D. Nitecki (New York:  State University of New York Press, 1992), pp. 19-54.

 

"Dutch Objections to Evolutionary Ethics," Biology and Philosophy, 4 (1989):  331-43.

 

"The Moral Foundations of the Idea of Evolutionary Progress:  Darwin, Spencer, and the Neo-Darwinians," in Evolutionary Progress, ed.  Matthew Nitecki (Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 1988); reprinted in Oxford Readings in Philosophy: The Philosophy of Biology, ed. D. Hull and M. Ruse (Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1998).

 

"A Defense of Evolutionary Ethics," with replies by Cela-Conde, Gewirth, Hughes, Thomas, and Trigg, and rejoinder "Justification  through Biological Faith," Biology and Philosophy 1, no. 3 (1986).  Reprinted in Issues in Evolutionary Ethics, ed. Paul Thompson (Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1995).

 

"William James's Theory of Mental Evolution," Contributions to a History of Developmental Psychology, eds. G. Eckardt and W. Bringmann (Berlin:  Mouton, 1985).

 

"Why Darwin Delayed, or Interesting Problems and Models in the History of Science," Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences 19  (1983):  45-53; reprinted in A History of Psychology:  Original  Sources and Contemporary Research, ed. L. Benjamin, 2nd ed. (New York:   McGraw-Hill, 1998).

 

"The Personal Equation in Science:  William James's Psychological and  Moral Uses of Darwinian Theory," A William James Renaissance,  ed. M. Schwehn, Harvard Library Bulletin (special issue), 30  (1982):  387-425.

 

"Darwin and the Biologizing of Moral Behavior," The Problematic Science:  Psychology in Nineteenth-Century Thought, eds W. Woodward and M. Ash (New York:  Praeger, 1982), pp. 43-64.

 

"Emergence of Evolutionary Biology of Behavior in the Early Nineteenth Century," British Journal for the History of Science 15 (1982):   241-280.

 

"Instinct and Intelligence in British Natural Theology:  Some Contributions to Darwin's Theory of the Evolution of Behavior," Journal of the History of Biology 14 (1981):  193-230.

 

"Habit," "Imitation," "Instinct," "Rational Soul"--articles for the Dictionary of the History of Science, eds. W. Bynum, R. Porter, E.J. Browne (London:  Macmillan; Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1981).

 


"Natural Selection and Other Models in the Historiography of Science," Scientific Inquiry and the Social Sciences:  a Volume in Honor of Donald T. Campbell, eds. M. Brewer and B. Collins (San Francisco:  Jossey-Bass, 1981), pp. 37-76.  Reprinted in Science and the Quest for Reality, ed.  Alfred Tauber (London:  Macmillan Press, 1997), pp.  203-30.

 

"Christian Wolff's Prolegomena to Empirical and Rational Psychology:   Translation and Commentary," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 124 (1980):  227-239.

 

"Wundt's Early Theories of Cognitive Evolution and their Relation to  Darwinian Biopsychology," Wundt Studies, eds. W.  Bringmann  and R. Tweney (Toronto, Goettingen, Zurich:  Hogrefe, 1980):   42-70.

 

"Influence of Sensationalist Tradition on Early Theories of the Evolution  of Behavior," Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (1979):  85-105.

 

"The Natural Selection Model of Conceptual Evolution," Philosophy of Science 44 (1977):  494-501.

 

"Lloyd Morgan's Theory of Instinct:  from Darwinism to Neo-Darwinism," Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 13 (1977):   12-32.

 

"James Gibson's Passive Theory of Perception:  a Rejection of the Doctrine of Specific Nerve Energies," Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (1976):  218-233.

 

"The Innate and the Learned:  the Evolution of Konrad Lorenz's Theory  of Instinct,"  Philosophy of the Social Sciences 4 (1974):  111-133.

 

"Sellars' Kantian Perspective on the Compatibility of Freedom and Determinism," Southern Journal of Philosophy 11 (1973):  228- 236.

 

"Substantive and Methodological Teleology in Aristotle and Some Logical Empiricists," Thomist 37 (1973):  702-733.

 

"Materialism and Natural Events in Dewey's Developing Thought," Journal of the History of Philosophy 10 (1972):  55-69.

 

 

Reviews:

 

General Journals:

 

"Trust in Neurons: Review of Patricia Churchland's Braintrust: What Neuroscience Tells Us about Morality," American Scientist, 100, no. 1 (January-February, 2012):83-84.

 

"Darwin's Garden of Earthly Delights:  Review of Steve Jones's The Darwinian Archipelago," American Scientist, 99, no. 5 (September-October, 2011): 417-18.

 

"Images of Evolution:  Review of Julia Voss's Darwin's Pictures," American Scientist, 99, no. 2 (March-April, 2011): 165-67.

 

"Darwin Tried and True: Review of Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini's What Darwin Got Wrong," American Scientist, 98, no. 3 (May-June, 2010): 238-42.

 

"Romantics in the English Manner: Review of Richard Holmes' Age of Wonder," Science, 327 (5 March 2010): 1202-1203.

 

"Descent of Man: Review of Adrian Desmond and James Moore's Darwin's Sacred Cause," American Scientist, 97, no. 5 (September-October, 2009): 415-17.

 

"Recovering the Past: Review of Daniel Lord Smail's On Deep History and the Brain," American Scientist, 96, no. 5 (September-October, 2008).


" Bad Seeds: Review of Barbara Oakley's Evil Genes: Why Rome Fell, Hitler Rose, Enron Failed, and My Sister Stole My Mother's Boyfriend , " American Scientist, 96, no. 2 (March-April, 2008).

"Reason and Reverence: Review of Francis Collins's The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief," American Scientist, 95, no. 2 (March-April, 2007).

 

 "And Gladly Wolde He Lerne and Gladly Teche:  Review of Richard Dawkins’ Ancestor’s Tale,"  American Scientist, 92, no. 2 (March-April, 2005).

 

“’Why We Do It’:  Sex and the Single Cell,” review of Niles Eldredge’s “Why We Do It:  Rethinking Sex and the Selfish Gene,” New York Times Book Review (Sunday, June 20, 2004 ).

 

“The Evolutionary War:  Review of Steven Pinker’s Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature,” New York Times Book Review (Sunday, October 13, 2002 ), p. 9.

 

Pulp Nonfiction:  Commotion over Evolution Before Darwin:  Review of James Secord’s Victorian Sensation,” American Scientist 89 (September-October, 2001), pp. 454-56.

 

“You Can’t Get There From Here: Review of Henry Gee’s In Search of Deep Time.” New York Times Book Review (Sunday, February 27, 2000), p.  32.

 

“Designing Man: Review of Ian Tattersall’s Becoming Human: Evolution and Human Uniqueness,” New York Times Book Review (Sunday, April 26, 1998), p. 30.

 

“Neanderthals Need Not Apply: Review of C. Stringer and R. McKie’s African Exodus: the Origins of Modern Humanity,” New York Times Book Review (Sunday, August 17,1997), p.  10.

 

"Origins of Darwin:  Review of John Bowlby's Charles Darwin:  A  Biography," Chicago Tribune, Tribune Books, (Sunday, June  23, 1991), pp. 6-7.

 

 

Professional Journals:


"Review of Marc Hauser's Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong,"Quarterly Review of Biology 38 (2008): 396-98.

 

“Review of Charles Darwin’s Descent of Man, with introduction by Adrian Desmond and James Moore,” British Journal for the History of Science 39 (2006):  615-17.

 

“Review of Donald Broom’s The Evolution of Morality and Religion,” Quarterly Review of Biology 80 (2005): 228-29.

 

“Review of Lewis Petrinovich’s Human Evolution, Reproduction, and Morality,” Quarterly Review of Biology 71 (1996):  559-60.

 

“Review of Paul Farber’s The Temptations of Evolutionary Ethics,” Isis (1995).

 

"Review of Ilse Bulhof's The Language of Science, a Study of the Relationship between Literature and Science in the Perspective of a Hermeneutical Ontology," Isis (1993).

 

"Review of Donald Polkinghorne's Narrative Knowing and the  Human  Sciences," American Journal of Sociology, 95, No. 1 (Jul., 1989), pp. 258-260 

 

"Review of Robert Boakes' From Darwin to Behaviourism, Science 228  (1985):  862-863.

 

"Review of Michael Ruse's Is Science Sexist:  Essays in the Bio-Medical  Sciences," Isis 74 (1983): 421.

 

"Review of Charles Darwin's Descent of Man (New Edition) and Gene  Bylinsky's Life in Darwin's Universe, BioScience (1982).

 

"Review of D. King-Hele (ed.), The Letters of Erasmus Darwin," Science 216 (1982):  1101-1102.

 

"Review of Jutta Schmidt's Die Umweltlehre Jakob von Uexkuells," Isis  73 (1982):  474-475.

 

"Review of Thomas Leahey's A History of Psychology:  Main  Currents  in Psychological Thought," Isis 73 (1982):  125- 127.

 

"Review of D. Robinson's An Intellectual History of Psychology and The  Mind Unfolded," Isis 71 (1980):  325-326.

 

"Critical Review of D. Lindberg's Theories of Vision from  Alkindi to  Kepler," Journal of the History of the Behavioral  Sciences 15  (1979):  378-382.

 

"Review of Hecaen and Albert's Human Neurophysiology," Journal of the  American Medical Association 240 (Dec. 1978): 2777.


 

 

Papers Delivered:
2014

"Ernst Haeckel's Evolutionary Science and Romantic Art," Carl Friedrich von Siemens Stiftung, Munich, Germany, July, 2014

"The Theory of the Archetype from Kant to Evo-Devo," Konrad Lorenz Institute, Vienna, Austria, June, 2014.

"Myth: That Darwin Worked on his Theory in Secrete for Twenty Years, his Fears Causing him to Delay Publication," University of Virginia, May, 2014.

"Does Life have a Meaning," Veritas Forum, University of Chicago, April, 2014.

2013

"Secularism in Science," New York University, Novemer, 2013


"
Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Chicago Humanities Festival, Chicago, October, 2013

" Philosophy of History: Explanation and Narrative," Humanities Festival, University of Chicago, October, 2013

"Mind and Cosmos: Problems in the Theory of Evolution of Mind and Morality," Institute for the History of Origins, Case-Western Univeristy, Cleveland, April, 2013

"Problems in the Theory of the Evolution of Mind, 1876-2013," North-Eastern Victorian Society, Boston, April, 2013

" Celebrity in Science," Triple Helix Society, University of Chicago, March, 2013

"Was Hitler a Darwinian?" Science in Human Culture, Northwestern University, February, 2013

2012

"Did Darwin Write the Origin Backwards? Comments on Elliot Sober's Thesis," American Philosophical Society, Atlanta, Georgia, December, 2012.

" Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Templeton Foundation, Pennsylvania, December, 2012 .

"
The Impact of German Idealism and Romanticism on Biology in the 19th Century," the Impact of Idealism, Magdalene College, Cambridge, September, 2012

"Was Hitler a Darwinian and Does it Matter?" Dotterer Lecture, Penn State University, March, 2012.

"Roots of the Conflict between Evolutionary Theory and Religion," Kripke Lecture, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, March, 2012

"Evolutionary Restraints," symposium in honor of Mark Borrello, University of Minnesota, February, 2012

2011

"Was Hitler a Darwinian," the Hektoen Lecture for the Chicago History of Medicine Society, November, 2011

"Was Hitler a Darwinian," The Society of Fellows, University of Chicago, October 2011.

"Remembering David Hull," meeting of ISHPSSB, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, July, 2011.

"Reading Against the Grain--Comments," Symposium, University of Chicago Center, Paris, France, June, 2011.

"Was Hitler a Darwinian?" and "Darwin's Principle of Divergence and What Fodor Got Almost Right," History and Philosophy of Science, Aberdeen University, Aberdeen, Scotland, May, 2011.

"Did Goethe and Schelling Endorse Species Evolution?"
plenary lecture, Romanticism and Evolution, Western Ontario University, Canada, May, 2011.

"Darwin's Accomplishment," Columbia University, New York, NY, April, 2011.


2010

"Darwin's Principle of Divergence and What Fodor Got Almost Right," Faculty of History, Oxford University, England, October, 2010

"Darwin's Principle of Divergence and What Fodor Got Almost Right," plenary lecture, Integrating Complexity and History, Western Ontario University, October, 2010

"The Impact of German Romanticism on Biology in the Nineteenth Century," Idealism in Science, Notre Dame, September 2010

"Aesthetics and Objectivity in Haeckel's Defesne of Evolutionary Theory," Stanford University, May 2010

"Darwinian Morality," The Evolution of Conscience, Santa Fe, New Mexico, April 2010

"Darwin and Haeckel," University Lecture, Cornell University, April 2010

"Complementary Aspects of History and Philosophy of Science," Florida State University, April 2010

"The Enchantment of the World:  Darwin's Theory of Mind in Nature," Roskilde Universitet, Copenhagen, March 2010.


"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana, February 2010.

"Darwin's Accomplishment in the Origin of Species," Midwest Faculty Seminar, Chicago, January 2010.


"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Fortnightly, Chicago, January, 2010


2009


"Darwin's Theory of Morality and Its Normative Validity," Celebration of Darwin, Virginia Tech, November, 2009


"'All that is most beautiful':  Darwin's Theory of Morality and Its Normative Validity," Darwin in the 21st Century, Notre Dame University, November, 2009

"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Darwin-Chicago 2009, conference to celebrate the Darwin anniversaries, University of Chicago, October, 2009

"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Chicago Service League, October 2009.

"Nietzsche and Darwin," University of Chicago Law School, October, 2009

"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design" and "A Defense of Evolutionary Ethics," Phi Beta Kappa Lectures, Denison University, Granville, Ohio, September, 2009

"Darwin's Metaphysics of Mind and the Continuity of Nature," Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, September, 2009.


"The Enchantment of the World:  Darwin's Theory of Mind in Nature," Dep. of History, Michigan State University, September, 2009.

"Darwin on Human Nature and Belief," Cambridge--Darwin Festival, Cambridge, England, July, 2009.

"The Nature of Biological Theory in the Nineteenth Century," History of Biology Seminar, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, May, 2009.

"Darwin's Accomplishment in Biology and Moral Theory," Bogazici University, Instanbul, Turkey, May, 2009.

"Embryos, Nazis, and the Charges of Fraud against Ernst Haeckel, " Ernst-Abbe-Kolloquium, Jena Germany, April, 2009..

"Embryos, Nazis, and the Charges of Fraud against Ernst Haeckel Then and Now, Graduate School, University of Cincinnati, April, 2009.

"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Taft Institute and Department of History, University of Cincinnati, April, 2009.

"Embryos, Nazis,  and the Charges  of Fraud against Ernst Haeckel Then and Now," Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago, April, 2009.

"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, April, 2009.

"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," invited talk to the History Honors Society, Illinois Weslyan, Bloomington, Illinois, April, 2009.

"Viability of Evolutionary Ethics," invited talk to the undergraduate forum, Notre Dame University, April, 2009.

“Nature and Morality in the Nineteenth Century,” Plenary Session, Nineteenth-Century Studies Association, Milwaukee, March, 2009 .

"'All that is most beautiful': Darwin's Theory of Morality," American Association for the Advancement of Science, Chicgo, February, 2009 .

"Darwin's Place in History--A Reevaluation," National Academy of Sciences’ Sackler colloquium In the Light of Evolution III: Two Centuries of Darwin , Irvine, California, January, 2009.

2008


"Goethe's and Schelling's Theories of Species Evolution," Keynote Address to Goethe Society, Pittsburgh, November, 2008

"The Moral Purpose of Darwin's Theory of Evolution, Anastopolo Lecture, Graham School, Chicago, November, 2008

"Darwin's Accomplishment," Newberry Library Seminar, Chicago, October, 2008.

“The Moral Foundations of Darwin’s Evolutionary Theory” and "What Kind of Politics Does Evolutionary Theory Support,"Case-Wester Reserve University, September, 2008.

"Darwinism, Natural Theology, and Moral Values," Butler University, September, 2008.

"Comments on Historical Epistemology," Max Planck Institut fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, Germany, July 2008.

"The
Tragic Sense of Ernst Haeckel: His Scientific and Artistic Struggles," Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany, June 2008.

"Haeckel's Darwinism: Charges of Fraud and Complicity in Nazi Biology." History, Philosophy, and Technology Colloquium, Stanford University, May, 2008

“Beyond Biology: The Sources of Racial Categories in Evolutionary Thought,” Humanities Center, Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa, April, 2008  

"Darwin's Biology of Intelligent Design," Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, Rockford College, Rockford Illinois, April, 2008

"Objectivity in the Visualization of Life," workshop of the History of Science Program, Princeton University, February, 2008.

"Darwin's Natural Theology," Gleacher Center, University of Chicago, March, 2008.

2007


"Werther Electrified: Science and Romanticism in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein," Midwest Faculty Seminar, Univeristy of Chicago, November, 2007.


"Darwin's Place in the History of Biology," Darwin Celebration, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, November, 2007.

"Darwin's Evolutionary Theology," Grinnell College, Grinnell Iowa, September, 2007.


"Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection and Its Moral Purpose," presented at the Cambridge Companion Conference, Florida State University, March, 2007

"How Schelling Solved Goethe's Kantian Problems," Weissbourd Conference, University of Chicago, April, 2007

"Religion, Evolution, and the Charges Against Haeckel," Rice University, April, 2007

 

2006

 

“Responsibility in Evolutionary Theory,”  conference on “Responsibility in the Human Sciences, The Chicago-Max Planck Conference in the History of the Human Sciences, October, 2006.

 

“Did Ernst Haeckel Fraudulently Misrepresent Embryos and Why are Intelligent Designers Interested,” Department of History of Science, Univeristy of Minnesota, September, 2006.

 

Darwin’s Biology of Intelligent Design,” Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, Eastern Illinois University, September, 2006

 

“Religion in the Evolution Debate of the 19th Century,” Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany, June, 2006.

 

“Romanticism,” and “Darwin Studies,” Academia Sinica and Institute of History & Center for Science, Technology and Society, Taiwan, China, May, 2006.

 

“Biology and Medicine:  the Haeckel-Virchow Dispute over Evolution,” American Association for the History of Medicine, Halifax Nova Scotia, May, 2006.

 

Darwin’s Biology of Intelligent Design,” Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, University of South Dakota, April  2006.

 

________.  Midwest Faculty Seminar, The University of Chicago, April 2006.

 

________.  The Stanton Sharp Lecture, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas, February, 2006.

 

________.  Lecture at the Humanist Society of Chicago, February, 2006

 

 

2005

 

“Ernst Haeckel’s Travel to the Canary Islands:  the Empirical Justification of Darwin’s Theory, symposium on “Naturalists Voyaging,” in honor of Richard Burkhardt, University of Illinois, November, 2005.

  

“Did Ernst Haeckel Fradulently Represent his Embryo Illustrations,” Department of History of Science, Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, September, 2005.

 

________.  Conference on Developmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago, October, 2005.

 

“The Moral Grammar of Narrative History:  Evolution and Nazi Biology,” Ryerson Lecture, University of Chicago, April, 2005.

 

________, Depts. of History and Biology, Oberlin College, April, 2005

 

Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, Grinnell College, April, 2005.

 

________, Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, Alfred University, April, 2005.

 

 

2004

 

“The Tragic Sense of Life:  Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle over Evolutionary Theory,” Museum national d’histoire naturelle, Centre Alexandre Koyré and the CNRS, Paris, December, 2004.

 

“Haeckel’s and Miklucho-Maclay’s Polymorphous Demonstration of Darwin’s Theory, or How to Deep-Six your Graduate Student,” Annual History of Science Society Meeting, Austin, Texas, November, 2004

 

“The Nature of History,” Humanities Day, University of Chicago, October, 2004.

 

“Did Ernst Haeckel Fraudulently Depict the Human Embryo,” The Thomas Hall Lecture, Washington University in St. Louis, October, 2004.

 

“The Nature of Popular Science,” Dept. of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, October, 2004.

 

Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, Truman State University, Kirksville, Missouri, May, 2004

 

“The Politics and Epistemology of Evolutionary Theory:  Yesterday and Today,” Conference on Biology and Values, Florida State University, April, 2004.

 

“The Erotic Foundations of Morphology,” The William Coleman Humanities Lecture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, March, 2004.

 

"Goethe’s Use of Kant in the Erotics of Nature," Depts. of Philosophy and Liberal Studies, Notre Dame University, March, 2004.

 

“Response to Critics of The Romantic Conception of Life, American Philosophical Society, Pacific Division, March, 2004.

  

 

2003

 

“Ernst Haeckel:  Lamarckian or Darwinian,” delivered at the symposium on Lamarck sponsored by the French Cultural Ministry, Wellcome Institute, London, December, 2003

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois, December, 2003.

 

“Politics and Epistemology of the Theory of Evolution:  the Haeckel-Virchow Debate,” delivered at the annual meeting of the History of Science Society, Boston, November, 2003.

 

“Spencer’s Relations to Darwin,” read at The Galton Institute, Linnean Society of London, September, 2003.

 

“Kant and Goethe,” delivered at the meeting of the Society for 18th Century Studies, UCLA, August, 2003

 

“The Science and Politics of Evolution 19th and 21st Century Controversies about the Teaching of Darwin,” Case-Western Reserve University, September, 2003.

 

 “Politics and Scientific Epistemology:  The Haeckel-Virchow Dispute,” presented at the biannual meeting of the International Society for History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Biology, Vienna, Austria, July, 2003.

 

“Defense of The Romantic Conception of Life, presented at ISHPSB, Vienna, Austria, July, 2003.

 

“On Stephen Jay Gould’s Structure of Evolutionary Theory,” presented at ISHPSB, Vienna, Austria, July, 2003.

 

“Aesthetic Foundations of Ernst Haeckel’s Evolutionary Project,” The Many Faces of Evolution in Europe, ca. 1860-1914, Groningen, The Netherlands, April, 2003.

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, Gettysburg College, March, 2003

 

“The Erotic Sources of Goethe’s Science of Morphology,” Symposium on Form and Function, Fundació la Caixa, Barcelona, Spain, March, 2003

 

 

2002

 

The Erotic Authority of Nature:  Nature, Science, and the Female during Goethe’s Italian Journey,” University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy, December, 2002.

 

“The Logic and Rhetoric of Darwin’s Origin of Species,” Midwest Faculty Seminar, University of Chicago, October, 2002.

 

“The Vertebral Theory of the Skull:  Goethe’s Dispute with Oken and the Truth of Memory,” in the symposium on “Oersted & the Romantic Legacy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, May, 2002.

 

“The Ethical Status of Reproductive Cloning,” delivered at the University of Chicago, President’s symposium, Chicago, April, 2002.

 

2001

 

“The Erotic Sources of Goethe’s Science,” in the symposium “Ulterior Motives,” History of Science Society Meeting, Denver, November, 2001

 

“German Romanticism,” Humanities Day, The University of Chicago, October, 2001.

 

“How Schelling Solved Goethe’s Kant Problem” and “Goethe and the Erotic Authority of Nature,” given at the NEH Institute on Romantic Philosophy and Literature, Colorado State University, July, 2001

 

“Did Ernst Haeckel Fake his Embryo Illustrations?”  read at the International Meeting of the Morphological Society, Jena, Germany, July, 2001

 

“Darwin’s Origin of Species:  Conclusive Evidence and Religious Assumption,” talk sponsored by the Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of Chicago, April, 2001

 

“Darwin’s Metaphysics of Mind,” given at the conference Darwinism and Metaphysics, Notre Dame University, March, 2001

 

“The Erotic Authority of Nature:  Nature, Science, and the Female during Goethe’s Italian Journey,” read to the History and Philosophy of Science Colloquium, Northwestern University, January, 2001.

 

“Thomas Kuhn:  ‘Science as Mob Rule,’” presented to the Social Science Series, The University of Chicago, February, 2001.

 

2000

 

“Ernst Haeckel’s Orthodox Darwinism and his Heterodox Defense,” presented to the conference “Darwinian Heretics,” Max-Planck-Institut fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, December, 2000.

 

“Nature is the Poetry of Mind, or How Schelling Solved Goethe’s Kantian Problems,” Dibner Institute Symposium “Kant and the Exact Sciences,” MIT, Cambridge, November, 2000.

 

“The Erotic Authority of Nature:  Nature, Science, and the Female during Goethe’s Italian Journey,” Humanities Division, Case-Western Reserve University, Cleveland, November, 2000

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” Department of Philosophy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, November, 2000

 

“How Ernst Haeckel Became a Virulent Darwinist,” annual meeting of the History of Science Society, Vancouver, November, 2000.

 

“The Erotic Authority of Nature: Nature, Science, and the Female during Goethe’s Italian Journey,” annual meeting of the Society for Intellectual History, Chicago, September, 2000

 

________, Franke Humanities Institute, University of Chicago, October, 2000

 

“Did Friedrich Schelling Kill Auguste Böhmer and Does it Matter?  Or, the Role of Biography in Intellectual History,” symposium on biography, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, September, 2000

 

“Scientific Transcendence and Historical Reality: the Case of Darwin's Romantic Biology," Akademie der Wissenschaft, Berlin, May, 2000

 

“The Erotic Authority of Nature: Nature, Science, and the Female during Goethe’s Italian Journey,” symposium on the Moral Authority of Nature, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, June, 2000

 

“The Linguistic Creation of Man: Darwinian Foundations of Romantic Biology,” delivered to the general colloquium, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, February, 2000

 

“Darwinian Evolutionary Psychology,” delivered at the symposium “Promise and Limits of Reductionism in Biology and Medicine,” sponsored by INSERM, Paris, April, 2000

 

 

1999

 

"The Linguistic Creation of Man: Darwin, Schleicher, Haeckel, and the Missing Link in 19th-Century Evolutionary Biology," read to the STS program at M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, November, 1999.

 

________, presented to the Departments of History and Biology, UCLA, Los Angles, CA, November 1999.

 

________, presented at the Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, September, 1999

 

“The Role of God in Darwin’s Biology,” annual meeting of the History of Science Society, Pittsburgh, PA, October, 1999.

 

"Introduction to the Thought of Ernst Haeckel," "Haeckel and the Linguistic Creation of Man," and "Haeckel's Theory of Recapitulation," in the symposium on the "Biology of Ernst Haeckel," Woods Hole, MA, June, 1999.

 

"'I have composed poetry, fingering along her spine: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Biology and the Problem of Women," lecture given to the "Mind Series" for the Graham School, University of Chicago, May, 1999

 

"The Linguistic Creation of Man: Darwin, Schleicher, Haeckel, and the Missing Link in 19th-Century Evolutionary Biology," delivered to the History of Science program, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.

 

________, delivered to the Midwest Faculty Seminar, University of Chicago, April, 1999

 

"Scientific Transcendence and Historical Reality: the Case of Darwin's Romantic Biology," Symposium at the Italian Academy, Columbia University, New York, April, 1999

 

1998

 

"The Linguistic Creation of Man: Darwin, Schleicher, Haeckel, and the Missing Link in 19th-Century Evolutionary Biology," paper presented to the group in History and Philosophy of Science, Northwestern University, November, 1998

 

"The Sexual Selection of Women," Illinois Humanities Festival, Field Museum, Chicago, November, 1998

 

“Linguistics and the Romantic Conception of the Darwinian Theory of Human Evolution,” Altenberg Workshop in Theoretical Biology, AltenbergBVienna, Austria, August, 1998.


 

“The Nature and Necessity of Cultural History of Science,” Dibner Symposium on Historiography, Cambridge, MA, August, 1998

 

“The Linguistic Creation of Man, or the Missing Link in 19th-Century Evolutionary Theory            ,” Symposium on 19th Century Science, Bellagio, Italy, July, 1998

 

“I love the Smell of Napalm in the Morning: Science Wars,” read to the Dibner Symposium, MIT, Cambridge, MA, May, 1998

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” presented to the Humanities Division of Cal. Tech., Pasadena, California, April, 1998

 

“Cultural History of Science,” presented at the Henle Symposium, St. Louis University, St. Louis, Mo., April, 1998

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology, a Foundation for Evolutionary Ethics,” in the University of Chicago Alumni Sponsored Symposium “Evolutionary Debates Then and Now: Dinosaurs, Human Origins, and Ethics,” Chicago, February, 1998

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology and Its Legacy,” presented in the Humanities West Symposium “Darwin’s Menagerie: Victorians, Sociobiologists and Other Endangered Species,” San Francisco, March, 1998 

 

 

1997

 

“Out of Language Sprang the Tree of Life,” conference on Language as a Model of Science, Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany, November 1997

 

“The Promise and Reality of Cultural History of Science,” annual meeting of the History of Science Society, San Diego, November 1997

 

“Did Friedrich Schelling Kill Auguste Böhmer and Does it Matter?  Or, How to do Intellectual History,” Dept. of Philosophy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October, 1997.

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” Sternotte Lectures, Quinnipiac College, Hamden Conneticut, October, 1997

 

“The Sciences of Freud and Darwin,” annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Chicago, August, 1997.

 

“Foundations of Konrad Lorenz’s Theory of Behavior,” “Darwin’s Knowledge of von Baer,” and “Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” papers invited for the conference “Evolutionary Naturalism 1997:  Bioepistemology and the Challenge of Development and Sociality,” Altenberg Workshop in Theoretical Biology, Altenberg, Vienna, Austria, June, 1997

 


“Did Friedrich Schelling Kill Auguste Böhmer and Does It Matter?  Or How to do Intellectual History,” paper presented to the Department of Philosophy, University of Chicago, May, 1997

 

“Rhapsodies on a CatBPiano, or Johann Christian Reil and the Foundations of Romantic Psychiatry,” History of the Human Sciences Workshop, University of Chicago, February, 1997

 

“Darwin’s Romantic Biology,” Colloquium on Literature and Philosophy, Northwestern University, Chicago, January, 1997

 

_______, Department of Biology, The University of Florida, Tallahassee, Florida, March, 1997

 

_______, Delivered to the Library Society, The University of Chicago, April, 1997

 

 

And many more….

 

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