Department of History
In modern popular culture, the Middle Ages are often imaginatively synonymous with war: knights in shining armor, Vikings in their longships, Robin Hood with his longbow and “merry men.” This lecture/discussion course seeks to complicate this image by examining warfare as a central fact of European civilized life. Problems to be addressed include the technology and economics of warfare, the sociology of warfare, major phases in the development of European warfare from the Carolingians through the Hundred Years’ War, and the literary, legal, religious, and psychological significance of war for the development of European civilization.
Books available for purchase from the Seminary Co-Op Bookstore
John France, Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades 1000-1300 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1999) [D160 .F73 1999]
Peters, The First Crusade: The Chronicle of Fulcher of
of Clari, The Conquest of
Joinville and Villehardouin, Chronicles of the Crusades, trans. M.R.B. Shaw (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963) [D151.S53]
Froissart, Chronicles, trans. and ed. Geoffrey Brereton (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968). [D113.F8996]
Christine de Pizan, The Book of Deeds of Arms and of Chivalry, trans. Sumner Willard, ed. Charity Cannon Willard (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999) [U101 .C47413 1999]
Niccolò Machiavelli, The Art of War, trans. Ellis Farnsworth, with Introduction by Neal Wood (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965; reprint Da Capo Press) [U101.M1613 1990]
Bernald Díaz, The Conquest of
Both books for purchase and all other
¨ This course will depend upon both lectures and discussions. The discussions will focus on the primary sources as indicated in the syllabus. Some days we will focus more on discussion, others more on lecture. Texts to be discussed in depth are marked with an asterisk. To prepare for the discussions, you will be expected to post questions and comments that you have about the primary source readings (*) onto the Chalk discussion boards. You should post at least three such comments (about 500 words each) over the course of the quarter, although you are welcome to post more. Extra credit will be given towards your participation for posting responses to the discussions and to each other’s comments by way of the discussion board threads. You may post these additional responses and comments at any time before or after our class discussion, but for your comments to count towards your required three, they must be posted by 12noon on the day we are to discuss the texts in class. No exceptions!
In addition, there will be two larger writing assignments:
¨ A take-home mid-term exam (5-7 pages), to be handed out in class on Thursday, October 27, and due in class the following Tuesday, November 1. This exam will constitute 35% of your final grade.
¨ A final essay (8-10 pages), to be turned in no later than Thursday, December 8. This essay will be an exercise in constructing an imaginative—but appropriately researched and documented—narrative based on one of the encounters or themes that we will have discussed over the course of the quarter. This essay will constitute 45% of your final grade.
September 29 Carolingian warfare
Einhard, Life of Charles, chaps. 4-17, 22-29 (trans. Lewis Thorpe, Two Lives of Charlemagne [Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969], pp. 59-72, 76-82) [DC73.32.T51]. Also trans. Samuel Turner, http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/einhard.html#Reforms.
relating to the Army (trans. Paul Edward Dutton, Carolingian Civilization: A Reader [
Engelbert at the
Annals of Saint-Vaast for the Years 882 to 886 (trans. Dutton, Carolingian Civilization, pp. 477-81) [DC70.C37 1993]
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a.d. 835-924 (trans.
and ed. M.J. Swanton [
Hugh of Lusignan, “Agreement with William of Aquitaine” (in Patrick
Geary, Readings in Medieval History,
2nd ed. [
William of Poitiers, William of Jumièges, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Florence of Worcester, Bayeux Tapestry, and Carmen de Hastingae Proelio on the Battle of Hastings (ed. Stephen Morillo, The Battle of Hastings: Sources and Interpretations [Woodbridge: Boydell, 1996], pp. 3-53) [DA196.B320 1996]
October 11 “Just War” I
Peace of God and Truce of God, selected documents (ed. Head and Landes, Peace of God, pp. 327-42) [BT736.4.P44850 1992]
VII to Henry IV (1074) (in Julius Kirshner and Karl
at the Council of Clermont,
Siege and Capture of
*Godfrey of Bouillon, Raymond of St. Gilles and Daimbert to Pope Paschal II (ed. Peters, The First Crusade, pp. 292-96)
*Abbot Suger, Deeds of Louis the Fat (trans. Jean Dunbabin, http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/suger-louisthefat.html), chaps. 1-2, 5, 9, 11-16, 19, 21, 26, 28-29, 33-34
of Clairvaux, “In Praise of the New Knighthood”
(trans. Conrad Greenia, in Treatises III, Cistercian Fathers Series 19 [
Primitive Rule” (trans. J.M. Upton-Ward, The Rule of the Templars: The French Text of the Rule of the Order of the
Knights Templar [
Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani, al-Fath al-qussi fi l-fath al-qudsi [“Ciceronian Eloquence on the Conquest of the Holy City”], trans. Francesco Gabrieli, Arab Historians of the Crusades, trans. E.J. Costello (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969), pp. 125-39 [D151.G1603]
Lancelot of the
History of William the
“An episcopal blessing for a new knight (c. 1295),” trans. J. Shinners, in Medieval Popular Religion, 1000-1500, ed. John Shinners (Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 1997), pp. 262-64 [BR252 .M42 1997]
Geoffroi de Charny, The Book of Chivalry, chaps. 35-36, trans. Richard W. Kaeuper and Elspeth Kennedy (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996), pp. 155-71 [CR4513 .K34 1996]
*Villehardouin, The Conquest of
*Robert of Clari, The Conquest of Constantinople (trans. McLean), pp. 30-128
*Joinville, Life of St. Louis (trans. Shaw), pp. 191-276, 289-94, 306-16, 345-50
November 3 “Just War” II
Giovanni da Legnano, Tractatus de bello, de represaliis et de duello (ed. Thomas Erskine Holland, trans. James Leslie Brierly [Printed for the Carnegie Institution of Washington at the Oxford University Press, 1917], pp. 209-11, 216-31, 238-41, 245-46, 247-54, 264-67, 269-73, 278-80, 284-86) [JX 2060.L5T7]
*Froissart, Chronicles (trans. Brereton, pp. 37-38, 46-112, 120-45, 193-98, 211-30, 280-94, 309-15, 373-81).
*Christine de Pizan, The Book of Deeds of Arms and of Chivalry (trans. Willard, pp. 11-79, 104-44, 150-55, 163-64, 180-81, 197-99, 215-19)
November 15 Joan of Arc
*Trial transcript (trans. W. P. Barrett, The Trial of Jeanne d’Arc [New York: Gotham House, 1932], pp. 19-22, 45-6, 49-82, 93-7, 113-27, 138-70, 279-80, 310-20) [DC105.6.A3 1932] Alternate version: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/joanofarc-trial.html, pp. 1-5, 31-32, 34-75, 88-92, 111-27, 145-79, 302-3, 340-50
*Christine de Pisan, Ditié de Jehanne d’Arc (ed. and trans. Angus J. Kennedy and Kenneth Varty [Oxford: Society for the Study of Mediaeval Languages and Literatures, 1977], pp. 41-50 [PQ1575.D6 1977]
*Francesco Guicciardini, History of Italy (trans. and ed. Sidney Alexander [New York: Macmillan, 1969], pp. 3-4, 43-52, 61-72, 95-105, 108-9, 176-82, 189-90, 203-7, 212-15, 244-52, 298-302, 319-23, 334-35, 340-43, 376-86) [DG 539.G9303]
*Machiavelli, Art of War (trans. Farnsworth, pp. 3-5, 14-33, 44-64, 76-81, 87-99, 125-37, 150-9, 168-80, 183-88, 202-12)
*Dìaz, Conquest of New Spain (trans. Cohen, pp. 14-16, 44-51, 57-87, 140-65, 175-84, 203-4, 210-19, 234-48, 250, 268-311, 353-413)
FINAL PAPERS due December 8 by 12noon (no extensions!) in HM-E 686