Rachel Fulton
Department of History
The University of Chicago

Spring 2000



Anselm, The Prayers and Meditations of Saint Anselm, trans. Benedicta Ward (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1973).

Anselm, The Major Works, eds. Brian Davies and G.R. Evans (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).

The Letters of Abelard and Heloise, trans. Betty Radice (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1974).

Peter Abelard, Ethical Writings: The Complete Texts of Ethics, and Dialogue Between a Philosopher, a Jew, and a Christian, trans. Paul Spade (Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1995).

Bernard of Clairvaux, On the Song of Songs I: Sermons 1-20, trans. Kilian Walsh (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1981).

Bernard of Clairvaux, Homilies in Praise of the Blessed Virgin Mary, trans. Marie-Bernard Sad (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1993).

Bernard of Clairvaux, On Grace and Free Choice, and In Praise of the New Knighthood, trans. Daniel O'Donovan (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1988).

Hildegard of Bingen, Scivias, trans. Mother Columba Hart and Jane Bishop (New York: Paulist Press, 1990).

Hildegard of Bingen, Causae et curae, trans. Margaret Berger Jackson, On Natural Philosophy and Medicine (Rochester: Boydell and Brewer, 1999).

R.W. Southern, Saint Anselm: A Portrait in a Landscape (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

M.T. Clanchy, Abelard: A Medieval Life (Oxford and Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 1997).

G.R. Evans, Bernard of Clairvaux (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World, ed. Barbara Newman (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998).

Sabina Flanagan, Hildegard of Bingen, 1098-1179: A Visionary Life, 2nd ed. (London and New York: Routledge, 1998).


Mar. 28 Introduction

Mar. 30 Who were the intellectuals?

Jacques Le Goff, Intellectuals in the Middle Ages, trans. Teresa Lavender Fagan (Cambridge, Mass.: Basil Blackwell, 1993; first published in French in 1957), xiii-xxiv, 1-64.

Jean Leclercq, "The Renewal of Theology," in Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century, ed. Robert Benson and Giles Constable, with Carol D. Lanham (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1982), 68-87.

R.W. Southern, "The Schools of Paris and the School of Chartres," in Renaissance and Renewal, eds. Benson and Constable, 113-37.

Giles Constable, The Reformation of the Twelfth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 88-124.


Apr. 4 Monk of Bec
Anselm, Prayers and Meditations, trans. Ward, 89-90, 93-126, 135-73, 201-6, 220-29.
Southern, Saint Anselm: A Portrait, 1-112.

Apr. 6 Abbot of Bec
Anselm, "Monologion," "Proslogion," "Pro Insipiente," and "Reply to Gaunilo," in The Major Works, eds. Davies and Evans, 3-122.
Southern, Saint Anselm: A Portrait, 113-94.

Apr. 11 Archbishop of Canterbury
Anselm, "Cur Deus Homo," in The Major Works, eds. Davies and Evans, 260-356.
Southern, Saint Anselm: A Portrait, 197-307, 437-57.
R.W. Southern and Sally Vaughn, "What was Saint Anselm?," Albion 20 (1988): 181-220.

Apr. 13 NO CLASS


Apr. 18 Lovers and scholars
Abelard, "Historia calamitatum," in Letters,trans. Radice, 57-106.
"Ex epistolis duorum amantium," trans. Neville Chiavaroli and Constant J. Mews, in Constant J. Mews, The Lost Love Letters of Heloise and Abelard: Perceptions of Dialogue in Twelfth-Century France (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999), 190-289.
Clanchy, Abelard, 1-201.

Apr. 20 Abbot and Abbess
Abelard and Heloise, Letters 1-7, in Letters, trans. Radice, 109-271.
"The Seventh Letter: Touching the Origin of Nuns," trans. C.K. Scott Moncrieff, The Letters of Abelard and Heloise (1925), 105-42.
Clanchy, Abelard, 204-63.

Apr. 25 Theologian
Abelard, Prologue to "Sic et Non," and Prologue to Commentary on Paul's Epistle to the Romans, in Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism, c. 1100-c.1375: The Commentary Tradition, ed. A.J. Minnis and A.B. Scott, with David Wallace (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, 1991), 87-105.
Abelard, "Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans" (excerpt), in A Scholastic Miscellany: Anselm to Ockham, ed. and trans. Eugene R. Fairweather (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1956), 276-87.
Clanchy, Abelard, 264-325.

Apr. 27 Philosopher
Abelard, "A Dialogue between a Philosopher, a Jew and a Christian," in Ethical Writings, trans. Spade.
Clanchy, Abelard, 326-35.


May 2 Convert
Bernard, "On Conversion," in Sermons on Conversion, trans. Marie-Bernard Sad (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1981), 31-79.
Brian P. McGuire, The Difficult Saint: Bernard of Clairvaux and his Tradition (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1991), 9-73.
Evans, Bernard of Clairvaux, 3-21.


May 9 Mystic or exegete?
Bernard, On the Song of Songs I: Sermons 1-20, trans. Walsh.
Evans, Bernard, 22-71.
Bernard McGinn, The Growth of Mysticism: Gregory the Great through the 12th Century (New York: Crossroad Publishing, 1996), 158-224.

May 11 Lover of Mary
Bernard, Homilies, trans. Sad.
McGuire, The Difficult Saint, 189-229.
M.B. Pranger, Bernard of Clairvaux and the Shape of Monastic Thought: Broken Dreams (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994), 134-62.

May 16 Advisor to Christendom
Bernard, Five Books on Consideration, trans. John D. Anderson and Elizabeth T. Kennan (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1976).
Bernard, "In Praise of the New Knighthood," trans. O'Donovan.
Evans, Bernard, 72-172.


May 18 Abbess
Theodoric of Echternach, "The Life of Holy Hildegard," in Jutta and Hildegard: The Biographical Sources, trans. Anna Silvas (University Park, Penn.: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998), 135-210.
Hildegard, Bernard and Eugenius, Letters, in The Letters of Hildegard of Bingen: Volume I, trans. Joseph L. Baird and Radd K. Ehrman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), 27-39.
Barbara Newman, "'Sibyl of the Rhine': Hildegard's Life and Times," in Voice, 1-29.
John Van Engen, "Abbess: 'Mother and Teacher'," in Voice, 30-51.
Flanagan, Hildegard of Bingen, 1-54, 152-204.

May 23 Mystic
Hildegard, Scivias, trans. Mother Columba Hart and Jane Bishop.
Constant Mews, "Religious Thinker: 'A Frail Human Being' on Fiery Life," in Voice, 52-69.
Flanagan, Hildegard, 55-76.

May 25 Physician
Hildegard, Causae et curae, trans. Margaret Berger Jackson, On Natural Philosophy and Medicine (Rochester: Boydell and Brewer, 1999).
Florence Eliza Glaze, "Medical Writer: 'Behold the Human Creature,'" in Voice, 125-48.
Flanagan, Hildegard, 77-101.

May 30 Poetess
Hildegard, Symphonia, with Introduction, Translation and Commentary by Barbara Newman, 2nd ed (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988, 1998).
Margot Fassler, "Composer and Dramatist: 'Melodious Singing and the Freshness of Remorse'," in Voice, 149-75.
Barbara Newman, "Poet: 'Where the Living Majesty Utters Mysteries'," in Voice, 176-92.

June 1 Conclusion

Return to Homepage